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'''Martin Luther King Jr.''' (January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an American Baptists|Baptist minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the African-American civil rights movement|civil rights movement from 1954 through 1968. He is best known for his role in the advancement of Civil and political rights|civil rights using the tactics of nonviolence and civil disobedience based on his Christianity|Christian beliefs and inspired by the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi. King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and helped found the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) in 1957, serving as its first president. With the SCLC, he led an unsuccessful Albany Movement|1962 struggle against segregation in Albany, Georgia, and helped organize the nonviolent 1963 protests in Birmingham, Alabama. He...
Birth nameMartin Luther King Jr.
Birth date{{birth date|mf=yes|1929|1|15}}
Birth place{{nowrap|Atlanta, Georgia (U.S. state)|Georgia, U.S.}}
Death date{{death date and age|mf=yes|1968|4|4|1929|1|15}}
Death place{{nowrap|Memphis, Tennessee, U.S.}}
Death causeAssassination of Martin Luther King Jr.|Gunshot head wound
NationalityAmerican
Alma mater{{unbulleted list
Occupation{{hlist|Minister (Christianity)|Minister|Activism|activist}}
Known forCivil rights movement, Peace movement
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